Chakra 101

Chakras are energy centers in the human body that are aligned from the bottom of the spine to the crown of the head and which correspond to internal organs and nerve bundles. Chakra is a Sanskrit term which means ‘disk’ or ‘wheel’ and is usually visualized as a constant spinning wheel of energy, ever in motion. This energy, referred to as life force or Prana cannot be physically seen or touched, it can only be felt or visualized. If the Prana’s flow within the energy system is easy, we feel vibrant, healthy, and alive.

The concept of chakra, which is derived from Hindu beliefs and ways of life, forms the basis of the human aura (a subtle magnetic energy field surrounding each one of us). It is believed that when the aura is healthy, we are protected from all sorts of physical, mental, and spiritual illnesses and attacks.

But for us to have a healthy aura, we need all our chakras to be balanced. If for any one reason, any of the chakras are blocked or imbalanced, the aura becomes weak leaving us open and vulnerable to attack from malefic energies both on the physical, mental, and spiritual level. Even blockage from a single chakra can disrupt the free flow of energy which initially manifests itself in subtle negative ways, but which gradually become easily noticeable through physical and mental mannerisms and symptoms of the affected individual. In the beginning, only body parts of the blocked chakra are affected. But this eventually spills to other chakras within the system since energy flow of the entire system is blocked which basically implies that the whole body eventually becomes affected.

This is why it is important that each one of us work on balancing our energy centers or chakras; it is a process which we can work on by ourselves or enjoin the services of a professional. Some of the tools which can be used by practitioners to open up blocked chakras include; application of associated colors and crystals, meditation, and visualization.

There are seven main chakras named and explained in ascending order as follows.

Root Chakra also called Muladhara in Sanskrit: Is the chakra located at the base of the spine. This chakra is responsible for an individual’s security, stability, and basic needs. Of all the chakras, it is the most instinctive and is associated with our flight, fight, or freeze response in intense situations. It is the chakra associated with our most primal energy and the first to be awakened during the process of spiritual transformation. It entails anything that grounds you to stability in life including food, shelter and water. Whenever these needs are met you feel grounded and safe.
Some of the symptoms that signify a blocked root chakra include; lethargy, anxiety, fear, feelings of emptiness on the inside, anger issues, eating too much or too little, fear for change

Sacral Chakra also called Svadhisthana in Sanskrit: Is the chakra located just above the pubic bone (and 3 cm above the root chakra). The sacral chakra is associated with energies of passion, intimacy, sexuality, creativity, and joy.
Some of the symptoms that signify a blocked sacral chakra include; joint problems, lower back pain, increase or decrease in sexual interest, urinary tract infections, menstrual cramps and so on.

Solar Plexus also called Manipura in Sanskrit: This chakra is located at the diaphragm in the upper belly; it is responsible for the ego, personality, and identity. It also governs authenticity, choice, and personal freedom.
An imbalance of the solar plexus leads to emotional distress, feelings of lack of purpose and helplessness, aggression, and a dominating personality.

Heart Chakra also called Anahata in Sanskrit: This chakra is located adjacent to the heart. The heart chakra is responsible for empathy, compassion, forgiveness, and love. Some of the symptoms which signify imbalance of the heart chakra include; anxiety, loneliness, and tendency to be shy.

Throat Chakra also called Vishuddha in Sanskrit: The throat chakra is located at the base of the throat. This chakra governs the neck, mouth, and tongue and as such, is responsible for communication, self expression, and the ability to speak your personal truth. When your throat chakra is out of alignment, you may experience lack of creativity and problems in communication.

Third Eye Chakra also called Ajna in Sanskrit: This chakra is located at the centre of the head in the same level as the middle of the eyebrows. This is the chakra associated with religious visions, out of body experiences, clairvoyance and precognition. When this chakra is out of balance, it can hinder an individual’s ability to focus, to keep cool under pressure, and to process information.

Crown Chakra also called the Sahasrara in Sanskrit: Of all the seven chakras mentioned above, this chakra is the most spiritual. This is because it acts as the centre of the individual’s spirit, wisdom, consciousness, higher guidance and enlightenment. The crown chakra located at the crown of the head is responsible for an individual’s transcendence of limitations. It is the point where the universe, the soul and the physical body meet.

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